Maulvi Muhammad Baqir – The Kashmir News

Masoom Moradabadi

In the War of Independence of 1857, the first Mujahideen who were executed by the British, the name of Maulvi Muhammad Baqir, the editor of ‘Delhi Urdu Akhbar’, is the most prominent. His fault was that he supported the rebel soldiers and Bahadur Shah Zafar in the first war of independence. Maulvi Muhammad Baqir was the first journalist to be martyred in India’s freedom struggle. Editor of ‘Delhi Urdu Akhbar’, Maulvi Muhammad Baqir was not only a great scholar and thinker of his time, but he revived the mission of journalism in an era when telling the truth was And writing was the most challenging task. In May 1857, when the trumpet of independence was blown in Delhi under the leadership of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar and the fires of British imperialism began to stir, the name of Maulvi Muhammad Baqir is prominent among the people who ignited the morale and aspirations of the soldiers with their writings. After the failure of the war of 1857, the name of Maulvi Muhammad Baqir is included among the first Surmas who were crucified by the British. He was executed at the age of 77 without trial. In the words of Maulana Imdad Sabri, a well-known researcher of Urdu journalism:
Maulana Baqir used to hide the rebel articles in his newspaper along with gnashing the teeth of the enemies in the battlefield. Therefore, the historic feat of the Mujahideen in Delhi on May 11, 1857, which ended the British rule, was published in the ‘Delhi Urdu Akhbar’ of May 16, 1857, which was compiled by Maulana Baqir and the courage-building advice in ‘Delhi Urdu’. Akhbar was printed during the war, it was also written by Maulana Baqir and especially the advertisement that the British and their supporters pasted on the wall of the Jama Masjid in Delhi and in the police stations of the villages to prove that Jihad against the Mujahideen is illegal. A copy of what was said and its detailed answer was published in ‘Delhi Urdu Akhbar’ on 5 July 1857, that too was the result of Maulana Baqir’s strong pen. “
(Maulana Imdad Sabri: Urdu Journalist Volume 1 Page 156)
The revolution started on May 10 with the mutiny of the soldiers of Meerut. On May 11, these soldiers reached Delhi. After which the capital city of Delhi was engulfed in riots. On May 17, the weekly issue of ‘Delhi Urdu Akhbar’ was published and its pages were filled with news of the revolution. This newspaper, which had a balanced and largely cautious tone, under the influence of the atmosphere of the revolution, its balance of caution and tone was disturbed and now it was a completely changed newspaper. On the first page, the title of the news of the revolution and its initials began with Quranic verses. The title of the news was “Qal Fatibrwa Ya Awli Al-Absar” (Ibrat is for the eye that sees) the Qur’anic verses that were listed at the beginning of the news and later the preface that the editor made in his own language, in it, the greatness of God and After the declaration of supremacy and recognition of his boundless and unlimited powers in bestowing honor and humiliation, attention was drawn to the negligence and error of men, and then the great struggle against the British rule and power was made the subject. See:
“Those officials who were evidently strong and who had no idea about the decline of their independent government and administration, nor could any careless person ever have any illusions, they became prominent in one way or another.”
The Delhi Urdu newspaper published very passionate speeches on its pages, which were supposed to encourage the spirit of Mujahideen Azadi. In one such speech, Mujahideen said:
“This battle of yours will also be remembered in the annals of history, with what bravery and bravery you have broken the pride and pride of such a determined and arrogant empire, and you have completely crushed their pharaonic arrogance and arrogance, and India The kingdom of which the big kings had a tooth and could not take from them (from the British). You removed wool from the power and saved the subjects of India from this calamity which had suddenly come to them.”
In 1857, Maulana Imdad Sabri wrote about the extraordinary role of ‘Delhi Urdu Akhbar’:
“As long as the war continued in Delhi, the Delhi Urdu newspaper not only devoted its pages to the success of independence. Rather, its founder, Maulvi Muhammad Baqir, fought with the British with the sword in addition to the battle of the pen, and when the war failed and the British occupied Delhi, along with the closure of the newspaper, Maulana Muhammad Baqir was shot by the British and martyred. Noosh.”
Maulvi Muhammad Baqir’s great-grandson Agha Muhammad Baqir (nebira Muhammad Hussain Azad) has mentioned the last days of his grandfather in this manner with reference to the family tradition.
“The family tradition is that Maulana Azad (Muhammad Hussain Azad) came to Sardar Sikander Singh at the Kashmiri gate and pleaded with Sardar Bahadur that I want to visit my Shafiq father for the last time. Sardar Bahadur replied. The situation is very dangerous, your stay in Delhi is not free of danger, but finally Sardar Sahib agreed. It was decided that Azad should go with them dressed as Sain. He mounted a horse and ran after them dressed as Azad Sane. A crowd was seen in the field near the Delhi Gate. He was counting the last hours of his life in the military guard which was protected from the sun of the day. In this crowd, on one side, a man was humbly engaged in the worship of his Lord. He was Maulvi Muhammad Baqir, the benevolent father of Azad. Azad was standing at a distance holding the horse’s reins and waiting for the four eyes. After finishing the prayer, Maulvi Sahib looked up and found his beloved son in front of him. A look of worry appeared on the face and tears began to fall from the eyes. Meanwhile, the same situation happened to the son. He immediately raised his hands to pray and at the same time indicated that the last meeting was over. Leave now. Sardar Sahib turned his horse and came back.”
It is clear from the statement of Agha Muhammad Baqir that Maulvi Muhammad Baqir was not shot by General Hudson when he was carrying Principal Taylor’s goods, but the martyrdom of Maulvi Muhammad Baqir was after he was taken into custody. Yes, it is certain that after the arrest of Maulvi Muhammad Baqir, no case was filed against him and he was not given a chance to present himself, but he was brutally martyred in the grave of 77 years. .
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